Squatting Is Not Going To Get You A Mansion

I do NOT recommend adverse possession as the way to acquire a new home. See, “Squatting in Style.”  Seven (7) years is a long time. Adverse possession does have legitimate uses and legitimate purposes. I have been involved in many adverse possession cases. Most adverse possession cases involve boundary disputes and strips of land not entire houses. Squatting in a $2,500,000.00 home is never going to work.

I also think the Boca Raton police officers who decided this was a “civil matter” need a course in remedial law. I am not aware of a requirement that some one actually see you breaking into a home as a requirement to arrest someone for breaking and entering. If that were the case hardly anyone would ever be prosecuted for breaking and entering. If you do not own the house and you are in it uninvited, you have committed a crime.

By the way, the remedy for illegal squatting is not an eviction lawsuit. The squatter is not a “tenant.” The proper remedy to remove a squatter is a suit for ejectment. Frankly, the better remedy is for the police to do their job and remove the squatter upon a complaint from the owner. There really is no such thing as “adverse possession paperwork” that would allow you to hold property against the owner other than a final judgment from a court.


MySpace Can Kill Your Case

MySpace recently played a role in two cases, which is a sign of the growing ubiquity of social networks. The two cases highlight the importance of managing the image you portray via MySpace, Facebook, Flickr, Twitter, or whatever.

In the first case, my client was a landlord evicting a commercial tenant who ran what was supposed to be a restaurant. That is, the tenant’s lease specifically said that the space was being leased to him as a restaurant. It also required the tenant to operate lawfully and in accordance with all local and state rules, regulations, and ordnances. Leases commonly describe the purposes the property is leased for and require the tenant to comply with the law.

The tenant had a MySpace page promoting his business that we were able to use at trial to show he was operating a bar and that he was not complying with local ordinances and state laws. The over all look of the page and the comments on it demonstrated that a bar was being promoted rather than a restaurant. The numerous pictures showed young people partying and dancing on the bar. There were no pictures of the dining area that we contended was not being used. None of the pictures showed any food being served or consumed. Alcohol was evident in every picture, but not food. Florida state law prohibits smoking in restaurants or in any indoor area except bars that serve little or no food. Several pictures showed people smoking inside. Drinking outside and within parking areas is prohibited, but numerous pictures showed people hanging out in front of the bar drinking. They also showed that tables and chairs had been placed outside for this purpose. Local ordinances prohibit anyone from displaying their “anal cleavage” in an establishment that serves alcohol. This is, of course, designed to prohibit strip clubs. Several pictures showed bikini clad girls dancing on the bar and at least one of them was clearly wearing a thong. Guess what her thong allowed her to display? Just to make it better, she held a beer and a lit cigarette in one hand while she danced. The tenant’s own MySpace page made our case for us.

The second case is my last remaining personal injury case. The week after I tried the eviction case in court I spoke with an insurance adjuster who suggested that I take a look at my client’s “interesting” MySpace page. This particular client had a leg injury. Under “Interests”, she had listed “learning to surf.”

It could have been much worse. Fortunately, none of the pictures showed her dancing on her hurt leg, water skiing, snow skiing, or anything else that would allow the other side to contend that her leg wasn’t really hurt. Perhaps because her leg really was hurt? The adjuster particularly liked the comment about “learning to surf.” I pointed out to the adjuster that she was interested in “learning” not in surfing. Obviously, she didn’t surf and saying you’d like to learn could be a good way to meet cute surfer guys.

The adjuster advised me that he and the other adjusters now commonly “Google” every claimant and look for them on MySpace. Young people in particular often have these pages and they also tend to be very indiscreet about their postings. It has hurt the employment chances of many a young person as well.

Next, I’ll discuss some of the ways social networks could be used against you and how you can use them to enhance and improve your image. I won’t be talking specifically about these cases and will be talking generally.

Beware of the Roommate!

It is that time of year again when many young people return to college.  Many others may be doubling up to save on the exorbitant rents that seem to be in effect these days.  I was reminded of the dormitory woes of my stylist’s child while getting my haircut.  A client also called recently because his son was being hounded by a collection agency for unpaid rent. No one is immune even Tasha had a tale about a roommate stiffing her in college.

Most leases provide that the co-tenants are jointly and severally liable.  That means that the landlord can pursue either or both of the tenants.  Furthermore, the landlord can collect all of his damages from one of the co-tenants or an unequal portion from each.  For example, he can get three-quarters of his losses from one and one-quarter from the other.  In this case, the boy who moved first left behind some furniture and abandoned property.  The client’s child did not feel like cleaning up after his roommate and left it there when he left.  Even though the abandoned property did not belong to the client’s child, the landlord can collect the cost of clean up from the client’s child.  Likewise, the landlord can collect from either co-tenant for any physical damage to the property regardless of who caused the damage.

You must also be cautious of joint liability for utilities, phone bills, cable TV, cable TV equipment and the like.  Invariably, it is the roommate who liked to chat via telephone with his cousin in Tokyo while watching pay per view and who always left the lights on who moves out first.  The remaining roommate can be left with the inflated bills if they are in joint names.

If you are going to rent an apartment with someone, then you may want to make sure that you can afford the rent if the roommate breaches the lease and moves early.  Otherwise, you may be forced to move early and pay for the roommate’s default too.  These days you do not have to get a landline telephone and can use your cell phone for calls.  Cable TV may not be avoidable and without a landline you may need it for high speed internet access. However, you might want to avoid access to pay per view if you can and get the most basic package.  The idea is to avoid any situation where a roommate can run up the bills and stick you with them. 

You should investigate potential roommates as best you can.  The fact that you know someone or went to high school with them is no protection though.  Unfortunately, many a friendship has been ruined because of one friend breaching a lease early and sticking the other with the bills. Good luck!

Copyright Notice:  All Rights Reserved Harry Thomas Hackney, P.A. 2007